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But it’s helped nice to see that I don’t know exactly what I want to do, but I wanted to start by looking up some words and that were suggested to me by my brother and if you have any words that we you might want to look up. You can, let me know in the chat so I’ll start with literally and see what we can find out.

I haven’t looked up any of these words previously, so I don’t know what we’re going to find, but I’ll go where I normally do. When I start looking words up in the for my episodes, I’m thinking about putting all these words together into a article, the top five misused or words of 2017 or earlier, because I don’t know when this word changed but we’ll find out, I’m sure we’re going to Go with literally right now we’ll look up literally and see what it how it’s changed over time there we go.

That’s a little bit easier to read so first place. I usually go. Is the Oxford English Dictionary you can see right here. I mean fix something there. We go that’s what I want. Okay you’ll also get to see that the reason I like dictionary so much is because I’m a terrible speller really that’s so I spent a lot of time in them when I was a kid and I’m grown to appreciate them. Okay, let’s see it’s borrowing from Latin.

Let’s take a look at what the definitions it gives are here, first of or relating to the writing study or content of literature. Oh, I put in the wrong one: it’s literary literally, okay, sorry, my I’m really not a great speller! So that’s why I do what I do here. We go in a literal, exact or actual sense, not figuratively or allegorically, and when it uses a word, that seems to be the same I’ll, usually go and do a search for that as well.

Just so we can get that definition, because I don’t like it when dictionaries we use the same words of or relating to a letter or letters. Hmm now one thing to keep in mind when looking through the Oxford English Dictionary is the first definition it gives. Is the oldest definition they can find and right down here? It shows you examples of the word, so this is a 1398. These words are terrible. I can’t ever names are awful Bartholomew Asst, anglich Asst and this character is called the thorn.

So this is the lip SB to scrape the voice of literal. So what it looks like here’s, it comes, the meaning comes from that’s what the text says: it’s literate! It’s it’s in the letters there and when I put together my episodes. Normally, I have two I’ll read through this entomology up here and I can usually find information in those in the etymology. That’s interesting and I can look up other aspects of it and facets that make it very that I can make into a story until during my shows.

So it comes into English from middle French and I usually tell my stories in the reverse order of this. So I’ll start down here with the Latin. Sometimes this can be hard to read because of the way they put it over relating to the letter of a text obtained by by taking words and passages in their primary and usual meaning without regard to any underlying significance. Mysticism or allegory, and so that’s what the word that the French word the Turab meant before it came into English.

Let’s see if I can skip down a little ways and it’s a tanam in post, classical latin, relating to books, literature relating to correspondence learned written okay. Let me go back to literally and see what see if it comes up with anything italian literalmente. Now that doesn’t have anything more so it looks like it has do pretty much throughout its history, with just having to do with what a text literally means.

Thank you for your patience with me. This is my first live stream. I’r and I, like I said in my dictionary article. I have no idea what I’m doing classic classical Latin litera litera meaning letter. So it goes back to a word what the words say: not what the meaning behind them is not any kind of interpretation. When my brother suggested this word, he said the Webster’s dictionary had changed their definition of literally figuratively.

So we’re going to look up the Webster’s dictionary merriam-webster right there, literally literally in a literal sense or manner as such, in a way that uses the ordinary or primary meanings of a term or expression, in effect, virtually used in an exaggerated way to emphasize a statement Or description that is not literally true. This is the definition that that he wanted me to point out in my articles that we have used this word so much in an exaggerated way that it now literally means virtually doesn’t even mean figuratively.

It means virtually so when usually when I’m collecting notes on for my shows, I will copy and paste this information, and it’s too big, I didn’t want that. I want it to be smaller there. We go, that’s what I want so literally another fun place. I like to go is the etymology dictionary online etymology dictionary and I put the extra tea in there because that’s where it came adverb in a literal sense from literal plus or minus Li since the 17th century, it has been used in metaphors hyperbole to indicate what Follows must be taken in the strongest admissible sense.

This is not showing the actual history of the word. Let’s, let’s go to literal, let’s see late 14th century here we go Origen taking words in their natural meaning originally in reference to Scripture and opposed to mystical or allegorical from the latin late, latin literalists or literal is of or belonging to letters or writing. That’s from latin litera letter alphabetics letter alphabetic sign literature, books related to literalness, so it’s pretty straightforward.

Its meaning hasn’t changed that much since the days of Latin up to three three viewers awesome. So if there’s any other words you’d think that would be fun to. I bet thank you for the happy birthday, appreciate that and thank you for tuning in appreciate. It hope it’s not too boring of a of a live stream. Okay, this is one of the other ones he suggested we look into, and this is diversity, so we’re going to head over back to the OED and see what it has to say.

This is I’m probably going to throw in equity with this one cuz that one was recommended to me by one of my patrons the other day. Oh, I got ta, I hope just docks myself, Multnomah County, oh well, okay, diversity, oldest definition in the Oxford English Dictionary, is the condition or quality of being diverse, different or varied difference, unlike miss. So when things are unlike each other, let’s look up just diverse the base word of diversity, because diversity is the word, that’s being you overused, but understanding the base.

Word can be important too so paste that in there let’s see, diverse is an adjective there. We go oldest definition, different in character or quality, not of the same kind, not alike in nature or qualities, formerly also written divers. So the Oxford English Dictionary is massive. It’s I don’t even know the number of volumes they’re, only printing one copy of the new edition. That’s physical and that’s going to go to the Queen of England that it’s going to remain just an online archive now, because there’s just so much in it the words most of them aren’t even used anymore there most of them are archaic and if they show an Old English word in the etymologies of these, you can click on them and it’ll.

Take you right to them in fact, we’ll go to divers and see what comes up with different or not alike. Now, if you’re looking up like divers as as like someone that dives or people that dive, I mean you could click on this, I mean you’d have to ignore the adjective part, but get something completely different. So these so we’ll go back, and actually let’s go back to that cuz that looked like it had the actual etymology in it.

That was longer. You have to dig to get the content for my, so I’m going to copy this cuz, I’m probably going to need to hit on that and my article stupid key commands there. We go okay, Middle English, diverse, diverse French divers divers. It’s a feminine word, apparently different. Odd wicked, cruel ooh, this is good stuff, Spanish, diverse, oh, and so all of those words that came from Latin versus meaning, contrary different unlike separate original, turned different ways.

I’r not even going to try and pronounce that I usually have to look that stuff up. I can’t remember all of it, so the spelling in Middle English in differently, diverse, diverse, stressed it. I don’t know. I really. I that’s pretty interesting that it means different, odd wicked. So if we go back to its French, meaning it’s after being derived from Latin, it means odd, wicked and cruel, not necessarily a good thing now I do want to look up.

I like to look it up. Another dictionary says well I’ll, see what they have to say about it: diversity, plural diversities, condition of having or being composed of different elements varieties, especially the inclusion of different types of people such as different races or cultures, and groups, or origins programs intended to promote diversity. In school, ok – and this is one of my favorite places – the etymology dictionary quality of being diverse to do usually gives a short definition, but it says middle 14th century wickedness or perversity.

Just I can have so much fun. I’r going to need to do a whole episode about this word because I didn’t realize it actually meant wickedness or diversity or oddness. I could have a lot of fun with that. Contrarily contradiction: disagreement, ooh because that’s what they that’s. What happens with diversity is the disagreement with our current culture they want to. They want to change it to something different.

Okay, dye versus turned a different way. Can you read what’s on the screen the web pages, when I’m in there thanks drew the poetry? One will be interesting: I’ve got to wait on the cozy comfy poetry Channel. After I, I’ve got to write the script, send it to her she’ll. Give me her response and we’ll get that taken care of. In fact, I’ve even got the script right here. I’r not sure how I want to define it or which word I’m going to use poetry, poet, poem, because, looking through the etymology and stuff each of those variants, the poem poetry poet, seemed to have slightly different paths to becoming what we are today.

I thought they would all be the same word just with different endings to indicate different things, but they all came kind of differently. So I’ve got to decide how I want to handle that in my script. But interesting fact about poetry is Police’s meant to make literally to bring things into existence, so there’s even scientific terms like he must hope. I can’t say it’s crazy, Latin or Greek. He mo topi he mo to pieces, hope he mo taupe poesis, meaning the formation of blood cells.

Sorry that took me so long to say, but there’s lots of word like that, where poetry just meant to make things to bring things into existence, and it the other another thing I haven’t touched on in any of my articles, but a lot of the words that We use come from different languages, not all of them had a an actual English analog that came before it, but poetry did I. My Old English is very weak meter, growl, gree, grow war, force, meter grows, meaning like verse or to make verse meter craft is the one I like.

The best is the word for the art of versification, so the art of making poetry is meter. Craft, which I found very interesting, is the English acronym, because that’s very not acronym, but the analogy it. It tells you exactly what it is. It’s making meter like metered speech, metered, poetry and that crafting it it’s really cool. Is there any words you’d like me to look up anything interesting for anyone in the audience right now, um.

Let me know in the chat I know, there’s quite a bit of delay on the chat on there, I’m getting used to that so need to come up with. Let me go back to the diversity word that we’re looking at native, meaning being being contrary to what is agreeable or right perversity. Evil existed in English from the late 15th century, but was obsolete from the 17th century. Diversity is a virtue in a nation. Is an idea from the rise of the modern democracies in the 1790s, where it kept one faction from irrigating all power, but this was not quite the modern sense as ethnicity, gender, sexual identity were not the qualities in mind, see at this time.

That was probably around a lot of the religious revolutions and some political revolutions, so they were talking about it was diversity of thought was what diversity meant up until modern day and that’s what they thought was. The virtue was having Protestants, Catholics, that’s and having different denominations of Christianity, different governments having different states and different ways. People thought the things should be run is what was the virtue not having everybody to agree on the same way, things should be run but have different ethnicities, gender, sexual sexual identities and and so on.

That’s not what the virtue was: diversity, they’re conflating, essentially two different words at this point: diversity from the 1790s or from the 17th century to diversity. Today, they’re they’ve, given it to different meeting meanings and conflated the two words so anytime, they read diversity and historical text. They read into it their own meaning and it’s important to keep those meanings separate.

So you can understand what people believed back then. It’s also important to understand what people mean when they use the word today. So I this word is fascinating. I’ll still put it in my top five misused words of 2017 article, and it’s mostly going to be about how words change their meaning over time. It’s what I’m going to cover in that – and this is another great example that I didn’t realize going to be as good as it is racism yeah this one.

I find interesting because there’s two words and I haven’t done enough research to know the difference and what thank you point point curation, I’m actually let me skip races and we’ll move on and I’ll do some research on the word that point curation recommended in my and The patreon, and what do you guys think the those of you who are my patrons? What do you guys think of the changes that they’re making with the new fee structure? Let me know in the comments we might talk about that I’m not too upset by it, but I want to hear what you have to say: let’s see we got um equity is what we wanted to look up see if I can spell that correctly.

Like I said early on in the in the stream, the reason I like dictionaries is, I spent a lot of time using them because I’ve never been good at spelling. I know that sounds a little oxymoronic, but we’ll see equity. Actually I want to do the look. It up in the Oxford English Dictionary. First, it’s one of my favorite things in the world. Is this this book thanks you mum, birth racks for the happy birthday, equity and, as I mentioned earlier, the Oxford English Dictionary gives you the oldest definition.

First, this one dates back to apparently the 1315. Thank you for hanging in there point curation, I’m. I understand the frustration I’m a little ambivalent, but I understand why why people dislike the changes and I still think their service is good and I think it’s important for the future of content, curation or content creation in the future, the quality of being equal or fair Fairness, impartiality, even-handed dealing, so I think this is this old definition is still very different than what how people use it today, when you hear people say equity, a lot of times in the Evergreen State University, that’s where the word started coming up a lot just north Of us or north of me up in Washington, they, the equity Council, you know the way they use.

The word seems to be more about results and not about treatment. What is fair and right, something that is fair and right, rarely in plural. This is closer to the definition that people are using today. Let’s go down to compounds defined so as to include other systems and our analogs and others. Okay, let me look at the etymologies here. Real quick doesn’t look like there’s much here. It comes from French equate.

I don’t know French, so I’m probably pronouncing that terribly from Latin meaning, fair, okay and in today it seems that equity means not fairness, but equal distribution or results. Regardless of what is just or fair. That’s. I think I think the difference right now is the point at which fairness happens, because if you look at a system – and you look at just a state like a single image of it, what you get is, does everybody have the same thing right now and if The answer is no that could be defined as unfair, but if you look at the system as a time line, the beginning state could have started in a state of fairness and in state ends with you know: the Pareto distribution, a lot of people on top and Or a lot of people on the bottom and very few people on top, and I think my interpretation of that system, or that way of looking at it, is important because the people that’s why death evolved.

The way I like to put it is because the people that are up here die at some point and their their goods their money. Their wealth, then, is either path is passed down to their descendants or redistributed through some means that they’ve selected, their descendants, may not be as good with the money as they were, and then it just gets spent and sent out into the economy. The people that I want are looking for.

Equity are looking at a static image of what reality is at this moment, and they want that. To be the same. I was reading a I was listening to an audio book. It was the consolation of philosophy by Boethius and he’s talking the characters in a prison. This is like early medieval period and he’s talking to philosophy and an embodiment of philosophy and they’re talking about fortune like the god fortune, and she has this wheel that she turns and to become fortunate.

You have to get on this wheel and when you’re at the top you’re riding high you’re you’re at the high point. And but to get that you have to agree to agree to go down the other side of this wheel. That she’s on and people have understood that for centuries that when people have a lot, they they lose it very quickly. The situation Boethius was in was he’d, been like an advisor to a king, he’d been wealthy, and now he was in prison on an island.

Unsure of what his fate would be, as he was writing this book, and shortly after he finished the book, he was killed and probably one of the most gruesome ways I’ve ever heard described it was. It was very the very enlightening book I like stuff like that and but his description of wheel and the wheel of fortune and how people go up and down really, I think, illuminates what what the problem everybody’s seeing and what the solution is.

It’s time and death and I I don’t think people look at life that way it’s like the arguments about now. I can’t even think sorry. It takes me a long time to do things like this and think things through and write those scripts. In fact, it takes a long time for me to read them and get them recorded. Let’s move on to another word here, so what is fair in the in the world of fortune? Is that sometimes you have good fortune, and sometimes you all have bad.

It will not always be equal between people at different places on the wheel that yeah the the here’s, what it was, the the wealthy change. The top 1 % will always have a huge amount of wealth because they’re the top 1 %, but who is in the top 1 % changes from year to year? If, if you own a house, that’s if you own a big expensive house, but you don’t make a lot of money. If you sell that house, you could be one of the top earners for the year because you brought in a lot of money, and that puts you in the 1 % of earners for that year, but the next year you may not be in the top 1 % of earners, because you don’t have that asset and you haven’t sold it that year, it there’s a lot more nuance to who’s in the 1 % and who, who the haves are and who the have-nots are.

It changes and I think that’s what people misunderstand and – and I really think the the aunt of hypocrisy. That’s the word I’m working on next, but I think that’s the the solution to the equity problems that people are looking at, where they want people to have the same stuff, because if everything stays the same and everybody always has the same level of wealth, that’s kind Of boring, there’s nothing for me to strive for there’s no way for me to become better a better person because I don’t need to, but if we let people take, turns and have that opportunity, yep and pretty much I’ve United States, Canada, a lot of Europe is There were the 1 % of the world.

Okay, this is, let’s see where’s the word this word is one of them. I really wanted to look into because I don’t think a lot of people know exactly what that word means impeachment. They think it means removal from the office of the presidency, and did I mean it just happened? I remember I was a kid and Bill Clinton was impeached. He was never removed from office. This is the word. We’d have to look up in some kind of a legal dictionary, though, to get the definition that we’re looking for for them, but I want to see what it means in general, action of impeachment hindrance.

Prevention, obstruction, impediment obstacle. Okay and it looks like it comes from French impingement impeachment and that’s some judge to impeach. Let’s take a look at the word to impeach just to see if we can get a better idea, latinum pedicure to catch and tangle. Hmm, it’s an impediment debate, basically, is what the word comes from so they’re going to impede the president. By doing that, let’s see if merriam-webster has has to say sorry from being a little a DD with my topics here, to bring it in to bring an accusation against okay to charged with a crime or misdemeanor specifically to charge a public official before a competent tribunal.

With misconduct in office – well, that’s it looks like it just means. Basically, a cute accusation, like a formal accusation and then down here we got the third to remove from office, especially for misconduct. Hmm, there’s, let’s check Wikipedia they’ve, usually got some reasonable information. It’s kind of like common knowledge, the best place to go for common knowledge kind of information. Let’s see impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government impeachment does not necessarily mean removal from office.

It is only a formal statement of charges akin to indictment in criminal law, so most of these people are using the word impeachment to say that it means removing the president from office. I mean they haven’t even looked at, looked it up at all it. I guess what they’re coming from is: they think the the charges against him are so obviously true that if he’s impeached, he will be removed. But I think in the case of this, the president: that’s in there now it’s mostly going to be a hindrance and not so much a removal, let’s see because impeachment and conviction of officials involved over overturning of normal constitutional procedures by which individuals achieve high office election And because it generally requires supermajority, they’re, usually reserved for those deemed to have committed serious abuses of their office and they’re, not even accusing him of anything he’s done while in office, yeah did there’s a strong stigma.

I mean growing up. I thought impeachment meant removal from office because I always heard applied to Richard Nixon who retired he’s left office. He resigned, he didn’t wasn’t removed from office by the impeachment process and it turns out there was another president before him that was impeached and me and my misspellings again sorry, let’s see Wikipedia impeachment in the United States. Let’s see – and I can’t just give me a list – Andrew Johnson was impeached impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

This could be a fun episode to go through because I could talk about the history of impeachment through the United States. Talk about Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton. What they were all impeached for that could be fun high crimes and misdemeanors according to Article two of the United States. Ok, I’m already bored of this for this purposes of the stream, unless you guys think it’s interesting and thank you for showing up.

I really appreciate actually having an audience. I wasn’t sure how many people would show up in this. Let’s go back to racism because there’s another word that is strongly associated with it racialism and I don’t actually know if there’s a huge difference between those two words. I know that racialism is older and I think it usually just means I probably just you could probably look me up with that information.

Couldn’t you yeah? Well, I’m not that worried racialism here again, Oxford English Dictionary gives all this definition racism an early term an earlier term than racism, but now largely suppressed by it surpassed sorry. So we’ll click on racism, since it’s not giving me that much of a difference here, a belief that one’s own racial or ethnic group is superior or that other such groups represent a threat to one’s cultural identity, racial integrity or economics.

This was okay. This entry was the 2008, so this is probably closer to the more social justice definition that people use, but it still doesn’t mention power plus privilege, which I kind of expected. It would being revised by 2008 and that might have slipped in there, but or groups possess specific characteristics, abilities or qualities which can be compared or evaluated. Oh yeah. That was the second definition.

Essentially, it’s also a belief that members of different, so racism doesn’t necessarily mean you think you group is better or that the groups are a threat to you. It can also mean that you think races or ethnic groups possess specific characteristics, abilities or qualities which can be compared and evaluated. Hence, prejudice discrimination, antagonism directed against people of other race, racial or ethnic groups or more widely other nationalities, especially based on such belief.

So it’s saying here that racism is treating people poorly because you believe that groups can be compared to each other. So you could believe Asians are smarter than white people and that they’re, weaker or some think they’re worse at basketball than black people, and you could treat them differently. You could treat them worse and that would be racism see. Then, let’s open up that racial plus ISM.

That’s point curation, that’s kind of what that second definition here means also a belief that members of different racial or ethnic groups possess specific characteristics, abilities or qualities which can be compared or evaluated and then treating them differently based on those. So if you believe that Asians are smarter than other people, you might hire an Asian and over a black person or a white person.

This second definition gives negative things done based on race, not positive things done based on race and that’s what I thought. The difference between racialism and racism were as racialism is, where you believe, there’s a difference, but you only really treat people better on that. You believe there’s a difference, but it doesn’t affect your decision-making in negative ways. You don’t hate people, because they’re different number, three acts that could be, but I think the Deaf thing, what they’re trying to go with in this definition is that if you’re they’re treated negatively, but I their race realist seems to be the word for what you’re looking At there, but that doesn’t even count either, because that would make everybody that, because he wouldn’t hire a basketball of a basketball team, full of short people or short asian people.

You know if I it was a Walter Williams. I think it was Walter Williams yeah. It was, it was Walter Williams, I heard him say in a article if you had fifteen, if you had to build a basketball team of five people, and you had fifteen people to choose from five African Americans five occasions and five Asians and you had to build The team from those people who would win the most diverse team or the or the team where he picked all of the African Americans to be on the team.

That’s I don’t know if you’d call that racism, but you had you, everyone has an idea about who would win. That bet who would win that game of basketball and that’s what I was hoping I’d find is a word for for that, treating people and if so, if the only information you know is, you’ve got black people, white people and Asian people, and you got to pick Five people from these 15 to build a basketball team and I was hoping that racialism would be the word for that and it’s not it’s according to the OED anyway, let’s look in some of the other dictionaries.

Let’s look that’s Oxford again. Let’s look at Webster a theory that race determines human traits and capacities, also racism. So it looks like there’s a lot of different definitions around and none of them I found so far say anything about power plus privilege. I think a I think you point curation says I think it would be racist to say a black person’s experience or viewpoint is different from a white person’s, as opposed to saying two individuals have different viewpoints yeah.

I think that that can be accurate. I also think that the first one is a very collectivist view, and I think that’s really where what race racism is, is the the worst form of collectivism, because you’re looking at people based on not even their skin colors, just what you’re? Looking at that group and you’re believing they all have the same traits you’re not looking at the individuals within the group, let’s look at that.

I think I’m pretty sure collectivism was created. Let’s see what that let’s see curious, and I can’t spell alright just missed a letter – the socialistic theory of the collective ownership or control of all the means of production and especially of land by the whole community or state the people collectively for the benefit of the People there’s probably a lot more to it than that. That’s interesting.

That immediately goes to socialism in this definition, hmm, because if you’re looking at people as a whole people as groups – pardon me – I mean here – I know what word we should do prejudice. No, it doesn’t. That’s it. I think it was a referring to the political, sorry, the political meaning of collectivism. I’r trying to that’s why I looked up prejudice, I’m trying to find a word that more accurately describes judging people based on as based as a group, preconceived opinions not based on reason or actual experience, bias, partiality, unreasoned, dislike hostility or antagonism towards, or discrimination against, a Race, sex or other class of people.

I think I really think prejudice is a good word for it, but that’s because it see this in the 13th century. This is still the oldest definition of the word, the King and sometimes it’s weird and old, a well older, techspray prejudice because they use I as the King and Prejudice of him and to sorry let other bishops, that’s not helping me figure out the definition here. So I actually I don’t mean, look up Webster’s collectivism, sorry, I’m being this distracted ADHD again political or economic theory advocating collective control, especially over production or distribution emphasis on collective rather than individual action or identity.

Yeah I’ve. That’s an interesting observation, lumber Thrax! So just like. Oh Edie definition of racism prejudice also lacks any positive form. So, like your example of saying Asians are intelligent doesn’t fit that definition. That sounds about right. That’s a way I would in my in my dictionary, if I was right, I changed the definitions. I don’t just breed thee. When I create my entries, I don’t just read the Oxford English definition I used the.

I give the definition that I hear and I understand when I read the words of ice, said prejudice. I would give the definition of essentially prejudging something. So I have a prejudice towards my wife. I’r going to I’d rather spend my time with her than with someone else. That would be a prejudice. Ever I have a prejudice towards chocolate ice cream. I have prejudged all chocolate ice cream as being better than vanilla.

It’s not necessarily bad things, I’ve, and so I would probably make my definition or it definitely would make my definition. In my entry on prejudice be more neutral. I might mention that it often has a negative connotation in modern society, but I don’t think that’s the way. A lot of I think a lot of people use it enough in a positive way. It’s like, I have a prejudice toward something. I have a prejudice towards Nintendo vs.

PlayStation. I think that would that would be a better definition and that’s what I want to do with my dictionaries. I don’t always think that, what’s in the dictionary is accurate to the way people use them, and that’s why definitions, dictionaries, change the definitions and if you look at the Oxford English Dictionary we’re looking at prejudice, this word was updated in 2007, where there was an older Version that was created in 1989, and they can even go look at that older entry and hear prejudice, injury, determined or damaged detriment or damaged caused to a person by judgment or action in which his rights are disregarded, resulting in injury.

Hence injury to a person or thing likely to be the consequence of some action now, chiefly in particular phrases as in okay, that sometimes these older ones get confusing, and I have to read them three or four times, but that it’s also interesting here. That prejudice is considered as a noun is considered damage to a person caused by a judgement. Injury damage hurt loss in the genitive to terminate dismiss with extreme prejudice to kill or assassinate, hence termination with extreme prejudice.

Hmm, that’s that’s fascinating. Where did it come from? It came from pray, pre, prefix, judicium judgment sentence see same as in judicial, so yeah it does mean prejudge prejudice damage. Ah, sorry, I’m reading and trying to let’s look it up in the let’s see this one is usually a lot clearer, ud, you deesis you deesis genitive, meaning injury. Physical harm. Hmm in the mid 14th century is a legal term.

Oh so when they say with extreme prejudice, it means to do physical harm, Wow, a violation of legal rights, meaning preconceived opinion, especially not necessarily unfavorable, especially but not necessarily. Unfavorable is from the late 14th century in English, also a changed meaning to mean preconceived opinions in the 14th century from medieval lat, Latin prejudicial injustice from what so prior judgment.

So it seems to be made of words that mean to prejudge things, but it meant damage previously. That’s interesting prejudice verb to injure or be detrimental to interesting. So sorry, I’ve got a bit of a coffee er. Oh it’s almost been an hour. The time is flown. Okay, one other thing I’d like to mention: do we have any Tolkien fans out there, I’m kind of into philology, and he was probably he’s, probably the most famous foolishest in the world.

What a lot of people don’t know is that Tolkien was a writer for the Oxford English Dictionary. He wrote a lot of the W section, and one of them that was specifically pointed out to me was in was walrus. Someone pointed out that this particular entry was written by JRR tolkien, the same guy that wrote The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, the seahorse or Morse. I’r not even going to try and release that read that a carnivorous pimped Marine Mammal.

I lied to the okay. I shouldn’t tried to read: I lied to the seal or a Terran or sea lion and chiefly distinguished by two tusks exerted up upper canine teeth. It inhabits the Arctic. Seas of variety found in the North. Pacific has sometimes received a distinct, specific name, OB sis, so this is a bit of talking’s work that a lot of even some of his big big fans – probably don’t even know is – is there is a talking’s definition of the word walrus.

Oh, it looks like it comes from German holding OBC or its obeisance yep OB seahorse, okay! Well, thank you guys for joining me today. I’r glad this went this went well. I had I had a fun time. I didn’t know how it was going to go happy birthday to me. Thank you to all of my fans, followers and patrons. I look forward to doing more of these in the future. My recording rig and my computer is in a living room so with a family running about.

I don’t particularly think it’s going to be good to have a television going on in the background, so I’ll, try and find time to do these usually I’ll end up doing them late at night or if I ever have a day off at work. I can do it in the middle of the day when everyone’s gone at school or work. So thank you for joining me and I had a fun time. Thanks, bye, you


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What is BLOG? What does BLOG mean? BLOG meaning, definition & explanation

The most recent post appears first until 2009, blogs were usually the work of a single individual. Occasionally of a small group and often covered a single subject: more recently, multi author blogs labs have developed with posts written by large numbers of authors and professionally edited maps from newspapers.

Other media outlets, universities, think-tanks, advocacy groups and similar institutions account for an increasing quantity of blog traffic. The rise of Twitter and other micro blogging systems helps integrate labs and single author blogs in to societal new streams. Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog. The emergence and growth of blogs in the late 1990s coincided with the advent of web publishing tools that facilitated the posting of content by non-technical users.

Previously, a knowledge of such technologies as HTML and ftp had been required to publish content on the web. A majority are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message, each other via graphical user interface widgets on the blogs, and it is this interactivity that distinguishes them from other static websites. In that sense, blogging can be seen as a form of social networking service.

Indeed, bloggers do not only produce content to post on their blogs, but also build social relations with their readers and other bloggers. However, there are high readership blogs, which do not allow comments. Many blogs provide commentary on a particular subject. Others function is more personal online diaries. Others function more as online brand advertising of a particular individual or company.

A typical blog combines text, images and links to other blogs, web pages and other media related to its topic. The ability of readers to leave comments in an interactive format is an important contribution to the popularity of many blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art, art blogs, photographs, Fatah, blogs, articles, article blogs or vlogs, music, mp3 blogs and audio podcasts micro blogging is another type of blogging featuring, very short posts in education.

Blogs can be used as instructional resources. These blogs are referred to as zetas blogs. On the 16th of February 2011, there were over 156 million public blogs in existence. On the 20th of February 2014, there were around 172 million tumblr and 75 point. Eight million WordPress blogs in existence worldwide according to critics and other bloggers, blogger, is the most popular blogging service used.

Today, however, blogger does not offer public statistics. Technorati is 1.3 million blogs. As of February 22nd, 2014.

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What is BACKLINK? What does BACKLINK mean? BACKLINK meaning, definition & explanation

The refer to that web resource, the referent a web resource may be, for example, a website web page or web directory. A backlink is a reference comparable to a citation. The quantity and sources of backlinks for a web page are among the factors that Google’s PageRank algorithm evaluates in order to estimate how important the pages the PageRank score is.

In turn, one of the variables that Google search uses to determine how high a web page should go in search results. This weighting of backlinks is analogous to citation analysis of books, scholarly papers and academic journals, some other words for backlink. Our incoming link, inbound link in link in word link and citation search engines often use a number of backlinks that a website has, as one of the most important factors for determining that websites search engine, ranking popularity and importance.

Google’s description of its PageRank system, for instance, notes that Google interprets a link from page a to page B as a vote by page’ for page B. Knowledge of this form of search engine rankings has fueled a portion of the SEO industry commonly termed link spam, where a company attempts to place as many inbound links as possible to their site, regardless of the context of the originating site. The significance of search engine rankings is pretty high and it is regarded as a crucial parameter in online business and the conversion rate of visitors to any website, particularly when it comes to online shopping websites, often employ SEO techniques to increase the number of backlinks pointing to Their website, some methods are free for use by everyone, whereas some like link baiting, require quite a bit of planning and marketing to work.

There are also paid techniques to increase the number of backlinks to a target site. For example, private blog networks can be used to purchase backlinks. There are several factors that determine the value of a backlink backlinks from authoritative sites on a given topic are highly valuable. If both sites of content geared toward the keyword topic, the backlink is considered relevant and believed to have strong influence on the search engine rankings of the web page granted the backlink a backlink represents a favorable editorial vote for the receiving web page from another granting webpage.

Another important factor is the anchor text of the backlink anchor text is the descriptive labeling of the hyperlink, as it appears on a web page search engine BOTS that is spiders, crawlers, etc, examine the anchor text to evaluate how relevant it is to the content on a Web page anchor text and web page content congruence are highly weighted in search. Engine results page serve rankings of a web page with respect to any given keyword.

Query by a search engine user changes to the algorithms that produce search engine rankings can place a heightened focus on relevance to a particular topic. While some backlinks might be from sources containing highly valuable metrics, they could also be unrelated to the consumers query or interest. An example of this would be a link from a popular shoe blog with valuable metrics to a site selling vintage pencil sharpeners.

While the link appears valuable, it provides little to the consumer in terms of relevance.


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Developing a good relationship with the target market is essential for brand management. Tangible elements of brand management include the product itself, look price, the packaging, etc. The intangible elements are the experience that the consumer has had with the brand and also the relationship that they have with that brand.

A brand manager would oversee all of these things in 2001, hislop define branding as the process of creating a relationship or a connection between a company’s product and emotional perception of the customer for the purpose of generating segregation among competition and building loyalty among customers in 2004 And 2008 capper and Keller, respectively defined it as a fulfillment in customer expectations and consistent customer satisfaction.

Brand management is a function of marketing that uses special techniques in order to increase the perceived value of a product, see brand equity based on the aims of the established marketing strategy. Brand management enables the price of products to grow and builds loyal customers through positive associations and images, or a strong awareness of the brand brand management is the process of identifying the core value of a particular brand and reflecting the core value among the targeted customers in Modern terms brand could be corporate product service or person.

Brand management build brand credibility and credible brands only can build brand loyalty bounce back from circumstantial crisis and can benefit from price sensitive customers. Brand orientation refers to the degree to which the organization values, brands and it’s practices are oriented towards building brand capabilities. It is a deliberate approach to working with brands, both internally and externally.

The most important driving force behind this increased interest in strong brands is the accelerating pace of globalization. This has resulted in an ever tougher competitive situation on many markets. A product superiority is in itself no longer sufficient to guarantee its success. The fast pace of technological development and the increased speed with which imitations turn up on the market have dramatically shortened product life cycles.

The consequence is that a product related competitive advantage is soon risk being transformed into competitive prerequisites. For this reason, increasing numbers of companies are looking for other more enduring competitive tools such as brands. Brand management aims to create an emotional connection between products, companies and their customers, and constituents. Brand managers may try to control the brand image brand managers create strategies to convert a suspect to prospect prospect to buyer buyer to customer and customer to brand advocates.

Even though social media has changed the tactics of marketing brands, its primary goals remains the same to attract and retain customers. However, companies have now experienced a new challenge with the introduction of social media. This change is finding the right balance between empowering customers to spread. The word about the brand through viral platforms, while still controlling the company’s own core strategic marketing goals.

Word-Of-Mouth marketing via social media falls under the category of viral marketing, which broadly describes any strategies as encourages individuals to propagate the message, thus creating the potential for exponential growth. In the messages, exposure and influence basic forms of Ness are seen when a customer makes a statement about a product or company or endorses a brand. This marketing technique allows users to spread the word on the brand, which creates exposure for the company because of this brands have become interested in exploring or using social media for commercial benefit.

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The position works closely with a chief financial officer, CFO or treasurer. A director of development is chiefly responsible for bringing in revenue streams to a non-profit grants. Donations, special events and a CFO is responsible for the fiscal management of the organization.

A CFO is rarely assigned to write grand narratives but may oversee the budget section of a grant application or a fiscal report for a grant. Some larger organizations, especially those that have large government grants, have a grants manager as well as a grant writer / Director of Development. A grants manager assists the CFO with grand reports, and/or grant related accounting. A Development Director is usually remunerated for his or her work and in best practices for nonprofit organizations, development directors earn salaries.

Commissions are still considered unethical by professional organizations such as the grant, Professionals, Association, GPA and the Association for fundraising professionals F. But the practice of commission based remuneration is growing, particularly in the current economy. The role of a development director is to develop and implement a strategic plan to raise vital funds for their organization in a cost-effective and time efficient manner.

The development directors primary responsibility, however, is to oversee fundraising rather than to actually raise money. This person may write grants research, foundations and corporations and oversee or implement other fundraising strategies, but she or he works mostly behind the scenes, establishing a structure for effective fundraising. The development director may also be responsible for additional financial responsibilities, including developing business plans or strategic plans, in collaboration with the board for the future of the organization.

The development director is usually accountable to the executive director chief operating officer or CFO. The board often offers suggestions and ideas about how to increase the fundraising, including contacts and the development director chooses how to implement these ideas to maximize inflow, while keeping outflow at a minimum and keeping donors happy a strong board often has a development. / fundraising committee makes personal donations to the nonprofit and assists with annual campaigns.

The Development Director has an outreach role in the organization and often fulfills, a public affairs role in addition to office based work, development, directors, motivate and satisfy donors, board members staff and even the press. Many directors of development assist with communications such a nonprofits annual report, development and communications, section of website, newsletters and donor databases.

The structure of a development department varies greatly. A director of development may or may not have staff reporting to him /her, depending on the size of the organization. Some large nonprofits have a development team, including a grant writer donor database, specialist grants, manager, special events, coordinator communications staff and planning giving staff. In some cases, an executive director serves as the lead grant writer of an organization, some nonprofits hire development staff on a part-time or consultant basis.

Instead of full-time averaged directors of nonprofit. Development in the United States make around 58 thousand dollars per year in the world of directors of nonprofit development. Overall cash allowance can occasionally include more than $ 6,000 from bonuses and, in some exceptional cases, $ 10,000 from profit-sharing, causing incomes to vary widely between $ 36,000 and 92 thousand dollars. Earnings for this group are mostly affected by the particular firm followed by the particular city and tenure, although about one in five lack health benefits of any kind, a fair number to enjoy medical insurance and a majority get dental coverage too.

As the title suggests, the development director is concerned with the growth of the organization. This includes staff, membership, budget company assets and all other company resources to help make the best use of them and maximize the organization’s profitability and profile.

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What is ADVERTISING? What does ADVERTISING mean? ADVERTISING meaning, definition & explanation

Usually a business‘s product or service advertising by a government in favor of its own policies is often called propaganda in Latin advert. Ear means to turn toward the purpose of advertising may also be to reassure employees or shareholders that a company is viable or successful. Advertising messages are usually paid for by sponsors and viewed via various old media, including mass media such as newspapers, magazines, television, radio, outdoor advertising or direct mail or new media such as blogs, websites or text messages.

Commercial ads seek to generate increased consumption of their products or services through branding which Associates a product name or image, with certain qualities in the minds of consumers. Non-Commercial advertisers who spend money to advertise items other than a consumer product or service, include political parties. Interest groups, religious organizations and governmental agencies, nonprofit organizations may use free modes of persuasion, such as a public service announcement.

Modern advertising was created with the techniques introduced with tobacco advertising in the 1920s, most significantly with the campaigns. Vet word Bernays considered the founder of modern Madison Avenue advertising in 2015. The world spent an estimate of five hundred. Ninety two point: forty three billion u.S. Dollars on advertising internationally, the largest big for advertising conglomerates are Interpublic Omnicom publicist and WPP.


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Customer service is also often referred to when describing the culture of the organization. It concerns the priority and organization assigns to customer service relative to components such as product innovation and pricing.

In this sense, an organization that values good customer service may spend more money in training employees than the average organization or may proactively interview customers for feedback. From the point of view of an overall sales process, engineering effort, customer service plays an important role in an organization’s ability to generate income and revenue. From that perspective, customer service should be included as part of an overall approach to systematic improvement.

One good customer service experience can change the entire perception the customer holds towards the organization customer service may be provided by a person, for example, sales and service representative or by automated means. Examples of automated means are internet sites. An advantage with automated means is an increased ability to provide service 24 hours a day which can at least be a compliment to customer service by persons.

Another example of automated customer service is by touch-tone phone, which usually involves a main menu, and the use of the keypad is options that is press one for English press 2 for Spanish etc. However, in the internet era, a challenge has been to maintain and/or enhance the personal experience while making use of the efficiencies of online commerce. All online customers are literally invisible to you and you to them, so it’s easy to shortchange them emotionally, but this lack of visual and tactile presence makes it even more crucial to create a sense of personal human to human connection in the online arena.

Recently, many organizations have implemented feedback loops that allow them to capture feedback. At the point of experience, for example, National Express has invited passengers to send text messages whilst riding the bus. This has been shown to be useful as it allows companies to improve their customer service before the customer defects, thus making it far more likely that the customer will return next time.

Technology has made it increasingly easier for companies to obtain feedback from their customers. Community blogs and forums give customers the ability to give detailed explanations of both negative, as well as positive experiences with a company / organization.

Thank you for visiting my post about the video I found on Youtube. I hope it gives you a little insight into customers and how you should treat your customers. Remember, I appreciate you and what you have to offer. Check out what Allshouse Designs thinks about customer service.